DOI 10.52773/


  • Qosimjon SODIQOV


manuscripts, Old Turkic writings, history of Turkic documents, stilistics of the official documents


In the beginning of the last century, Russian and Western European scientists
discovered many historical ruins and manuscripts as a result of scientific expeditions to the
historical lands of present-day Xinjiang. Among the manuscripts were the official documents
created by the ancient Turkic Buddhist monarchy. Most of these historical documents are
in the Old Uighur script with extensive information on the socio-economic system of the
ancient Turkic states, the relationships between people, trade and legal systems.
These official documents contain wealthy land owners’ business forms, farmers’ and
ordinary peoples’ papers on saling and buying, slaves’ complaints about their owners’,
rental papers’, the notes on freedom, statements of the wealthy slave owners and many
others. All of the mentioned manuscripts have proof of an established state’s political
system, a formal etiquette of the landowners, the conceptualization of the rule of law, a
high-developed social rights’ system, and a strong established court system.
This article presents ancient Turkich official documents found in Turf which are studied
stylistically. These documents are important in historical monuments in Turkic written
literary language. They serve as a reliable material in the study of historical formation and
development of the Turkish official style.